Types of learning differences
Specific Learning Differences
Specific learning differences is an umbrella term used to cover different types of learning differences. These include dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia and dyspraxia and are the most common ones we come across.
Specific learning differences are highlighted when a person struggles with an aspect of learning but can be fine in other areas. For example, they can tell you their story but struggle to write it down. They may find reading difficult but excel at maths. These struggles can create a level of anxiety and low self esteem related to their learning. Specific learning differences are on a spectrum from mild to severe and are hereditary. They can also co-exist so, for example, one person may have dyslexia and dyscalculia. Having a specific learning difference is not an indication of lower intelligence.
Processing Disorders relate to a person’s ability to process information. These processing disorders can be visually based (Irlen Syndrome), auditory based (Auditory Processing Disorder) or affect the overall processing speed for a person taking in information or socially.